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Section 12.3


The object of a verb is the noun, pronoun or other nounsubstitute that receives the results of the action referred to by the verb. Objects of verbs may be either direct objects or indirect objects. Prepositions also have objects.

Verbs that take direct objects are termed transitive verbs. In general, do not allow any words to separate the verb and itsdirect object. Indirect objects, however, are often an exception.


The Everglades Coalition promoted tirelessly an effortto save the area's unique biological capital.


The Everglades Coalition tirelessly promoted an effortto save the area's unique biological capital.

--Norman Boucher, "Back to the Everglades," TechnologyReview

You can change a sentence from active voice to passivevoice by making the object of the active verb (direct object or indirect object)the subject of the passive verb and adding a formof the passive auxiliary be to the verb phrase.


J. Robert Oppenheimer gave the first comprehensive descriptionof a neutron star in 1939, shortly before he began working on the firstatomic bomb.


The first comprehensive description of a neutron starwas given by J. Robert Oppenheimer in 1939, shortly before he began working onthe first atomic bomb.

--William J. Kaufmann, "The Black Hole"

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