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Section 8.8

Quotation Marks

Unless the documentation style you are followingspecifies otherwise, use quotation marks (1) to enclose the namesof articles, short reports, and other brief documents cited inyour document or (2) to indicate direct quotations of speech orexcerpts from other documents. Do not put quotation marks arounda quotation in block form (that is, indented to set it off fromthe main text). Avoid using quotation marks for emphasis.

To Enclose the Names of Articles, Short Reports, and OtherBrief Documents

The source of the design information is the 1982 article"Boundary Layer Development on Turbine Airfoil SuctionSurfaces," which appeared in the Journal of Engineering for Power.

To Indicate Direct Quotations of Speech or Excerpts fromOther Documents

As Vorhees has stated, "Simple adjustment of thecontrol-gate voltages, Va and Vb, enables usto realize any phase between 0 and [p] relative to the statephase, q."

Place periods and commasinside quotation marks; place semicolons andcolons outside. Questionmarks (?) and exclamation marks(!) go inside the quotation marks if they are part ofthe material quoted and outside the quotation marks if they arenot.

Lightman begins his survey of the development of cosmologicaltheories by posing questions such as "Has the universe existedforever?"

What did Oppenheimer mean when, after the first atomic explosion,he said, "We thought of the legend of Prometheus"?

For a quotation within a quotation, use single quotation marksunless the main quotation is in block form; if the main quotationis in block form, use double quotation marks for the quotationwithin it.

Rimmer notes that Bohr "scolded his distinguished colleaguefinally in Einstein's own terms 'God does not throw dice. Nor isit our business to prescribe to God how he should run theworld.'"

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